Workbook proposal: we welcome comments and suggestions from teachers of American English, writing center teachers and students - before WAAE is accepted for content and structural editing. Input received by the end of October 2017 or sooner assures first consideration and our response. WAAE     At-a-glance-nine-main-points of Writing American Academic English, WAAE
Free access to WAAE when your library subscribes to Academic Exchange Quarterly
Get a copy of your own WAAE for as little as $67 a year, in PDF format
1 - approach to learning: combine handwriting with intellectual understanding of grammatical structure
2 - prerequisite one year of college English as a Second Language, ESL, or equivalent
3 - completing Qualifying Test-1 with a minimum score of 55%
4 - accept handwriting as part of using WAAE
5 - desirable: meticulousness, consistency, patience
6 - start January 2018
7 - optional: register, in September or October 2017, for WAAE individual assistance
8 - WAAE is a beginning of transition from consumer of information to producer of information, articles
9 - (students) to examine WAAE, start with Glossary, next Qualifying Test-1,
then A note to students, finally read WAAE: What, Who, Why, How, When, Extra.
Workbook for Intermediate and Beyond Level
© Copyright 2017 SJGP-AEQ All rights reserved
This workbook's basic approach derives from our experience that an educated learner is best served
by combining extensive writing, handwriting, with an intellectual understanding of grammatical structure.
WAAE proposal is divided into six segments: What, Who, Why, How, When, Extra.
between passive and active knowledge is often explained by receptive and productive knowledge.
In WAAE workbook, the distinction between passive and active knowledge is exemplified by
the transition from consumer to producer of information, articles.
Workbook spiral construction is organized with increasing complexity, comprising of:
3 chapters - three levels of knowledge: basic, intermediate, advanced
3 qualifying tests - used as benchmark requirements for continuation from chapter to chapter.
Learner's skill of American academic English is measured by how well s/he can use the language,
not by how much s/he knows about it.
Qualifying Test-1, prelim, before unit 1 - what you know and what you can do
Qualifying Test-2, basic, before unit 17 - what you learned
Qualifying Test-3, intermediate, before unit 31 - what you can do with what you learned
48 units - can be completed in roughly 700 hours: in two years (one unit every two weeks - 7 hours a week)
or in one year (one unit every week - 14 hours a week) or never, just use what you need in your
language learning endeavor.
288 steps - there are six steps to a unit:
TEXT - selected from Academic Exchange Quarterly., 1997-2017
MORPHOLOGY - structure and meaning words
SYNTAX - phrases, clauses, sentences, and punctuation
GRAMMAR - set of rules; using correct grammar in writing instead of talking about grammar
DISCOURSE - exposition, narration, description, argument
ANSWER-KEYS - solutions to exercises and pattern drills, and recommendations
500 pages approximate workbook length.
MOREOVER the awareness of the following 7 explanations could contribute to the satisfactory completion
of this workbook.   Successful completion may allow learners to achieve an advanced level of writing
proficiency quite rapidly.   This workbook:
FOR SOME LEARNERS is a beginning of transition from consumer of information to
producer of information, articles
EXPECTS learners to read full text articles ASAP.   Beginning with unit 32, after passing Qualifying
Test-3, WAAE requires all to read full text articles. See simplistic explanation why reading. in PDF
RECOGNIZES realia that sentences, paragraphs, texts in academic articles are not always as correct
as prescribed by the rigid rules of grammar
INTENDS to focus only on the three tenses used most often: simple present, simple past, present
perfect.   However, sometimes an author may need to use future tense in correspondence
with journal editor. Therefore, we intend to offer some examples of how future time can be
expressed by other modal verbs (can, must, may, might, would, should) instead of "will."
RECOMMENDS to use bilingual dictionary if needed in the first 16 units, basic. In the remaining 32
units, intermediate and advanced, try to use monolingual American English dictionary. At anytime,
of course, use your own monolingual dictionary. Read explanation below in "49 - optional unit."
IDENTIFIES differences between American and British English such as vocabulary, collective nouns,
auxiliary verbs, past tense verbs, tag questions, spelling. And, when using digits, let's not forget
3/10/2017 in AE means March 10, 2017; and in BE means 3 October 2017
CONNECTS to external American English resources
one year of college English as a Second Language, ESL, or equivalent.   In addition, it may be used
as a supplementary resource for teachers of American English, Writing Center or Writing Across the
Curriculum faculty, staff.
STUDENTS, independent learners need to start by completing Qualifying Test-1 with a minimum
score of 55%. Then obtain two writing notebooks: one for practice and one for glossary.
Of course, our preferred simple approach, any one-side-clean-paper and two cardboard
boxes can suffice to keep order of completed units, over 700 handwritten pages. Finally
meticulousness, consistency, and patience are often desirable as well. Considering the
number of learners, we can not offer any direct individual assistance - with exception of
the first one hundred learners as noted in segment Extra: willing to further develop WAAE.
TEACHERS may consider using WAAE as supplementary material because of practical exercises
and writing pattern drills to explain grammatical structures, and text from articles published
in Academic Exchange Quarterly.
Google for "writing is looping back into style." When it comes to acquiring writing skills, handwriting helps
to remember words, phrases, sentences and content. WAAE recommends as much handwriting practice
as needed, copying all six steps in all 48 units. However, depending on learner's knowledge of English,
one may need to copy by hand not once but even 3-4 times. As with any skill, practice makes perfect.
Below is a sample of two handwriting activities: a simple one and a complicated one.
GET ACQUAINTED to all new texts quoted from Academic Exchange Quarterly. Copy the entire
unit, all six steps, into the practice notebook. Then, copy again only step TEXT and observe:
How many lines are in the original text? How many sentences are in the text? How many
words are in the text? Do some words occur more than once? How many words do you
already know? Observe word structure: prefixes, roots, suffixes.   Observe sentence structure…
GET FAMILIAR with words and syntax. Copy the entire unit into the practice notebook. Then copy
again into glossary notebook, writing out all unit words into one column alphabetical order listing
Next to each word in square brackets [ ] keep tally of how many times the word appears in the
unit, in the workbook. Then indicate your knowledge of each word by placing two letter acronym
to the right of the word and after [tally].
NO - no knowledge
RE - recognize in reading, basic level
CA - can use in some writing, intermediate level
KN - know it, advanced level
When acronym is NO write word definition in your mother tongue or the language you are most
fluent. When acronym is RE or CA write word definition as above or in English. When acronym
is KN write word definition in English and add synonym if known. Initially, basic level, occurrence
of NO and RE could be much greater than that of CA and KN. Gradually, moving from basic to
intermediate and advanced, from unit 1 to unit 48, shift towards an English majority needs to
take place. Finally in the last level, advanced, frequency of CA, KN usage (active knowledge)
ought to dominate the rest: RE, NO (passive knowledge).
one must learn to crawl before one can walk. Here, writing skill improves with each completed unit, from passive
to active knowledge. Below are some examples, numerals indicate number of units needed to complete
a topic.   Because of workbook spiral construction each topic is revisited, once or more, in later units.
0 - TO PROCEED one needs to pass with score of 55% or higher   Qualifying Test-1
1-2 - MORPHOLOGY: prefixes, roots, suffixes, and acronym, blending, clipping, compounding
3-4 - WORD CLASSES: content, lexical, autosemantic; and function, structural, grammatical words
5-6 - TRANSITION words: connect words, sentences, paragraphs;   help to understand any writing
7-8 - SYNTAX: phrases, clauses, sentences, and punctuation
9-10 - VOICE: active and passive
11-12 - SENTENCE structure: SV, SVO, SVC, SVOO, SVOC, SVCA
13-14 - SENTENCE types: simple, compound , complex, compound-complex
15-16 - SENTENCE tenses: simple present and past, present perfect.
Learners barely passing Qualifying Test-2, please review your approach to WAAE. "Is this the best I can do?"
17-18 - PARAGRAPH (1) descriptive, narrative, expository, persuasive, and bio-sketch
19-20 - PARAGRAPH (3) introduction, body, conclusion, and autobiographical essay
21-22 - PARAGRAPH (5) essay with 3 parts: introduction, body, conclusion
23-24 - PARAGRAPH (5) essay with 5 parts: general background, purpose, procedure, results, conclusion
25 - MOVING from essay to article: sentence structure & variation, openings & closings, word choice
26-27 - REVERSE OUTLINING - topic outline, sentence outline
28-29 - PARTS of research paper: abstract, introduction, lit review, discussion, conclusion, references
30-31 - COLLEGE class paper.    Learners passing Qualifying Test-3,   ought to decide and start reading
Academic Exchange Quarterly full text articles related to their academic interest, preferably one article a week.
32-33 - ACADEMIC article.    Reading one article a week, in 10 weeks would make 10 articles.   The more one reads,
the greater command of writing and editing skills    Read a simplistic explanation why reading. in PDF
34-36 - SOURCES - print, non-print, multimedia, web sites, blogs, message boards
37-39 - SOURCES - scholarly, academic, professional, trade, current affairs, opinion, newspapers, popular
40- 42 - SOURCES - primary, secondary, tertiary (encyclopedias, almanacs, textbooks),
gray literature (dissertations, theses, working papers, conference proceeds, oral presentations)
Context may determine whether a source is primary, secondary, tertiary or gray literature.
Sometimes sources defined by one discipline may differ from the one in another discipline.
43-45 - DISCIPLINE specific discourse (1) scholarly papers: articles, research reports, critical essays
(2) professional writing: articles, editorials, reviews (3) academic papers: seminar and term papers
46 - COPYRIGHT - fair use in digital publishing, and a fine line between plagiarism and paraphrasing
47-48 - WRITING in a discipline, style guides: AMA, APA, ASA, CBE, Chicago, MLA, Turabian
The citation style to use is determined by your professor, or by the journal if you are submitting a paper.
49 - OPTIONAL UNIT - have your own monolingual or bilingual dictionary. Use computer to transcribe
all 48 units "one column alphabetical order " listings from glossary notebook into PDF file.
How many words and phrases are there for each acronym: KN, CA, RE, NO?
If KN number dominates the rest (CA, RE, NO) you have your own monolingual dictionary.
WAAE is available in two formats: print and PDF file.
POB 131,   Stuyvesant Falls, NY 12174 USA
1. AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY - postal mail when completed
2. QUALIFYING TEST 1, 2, 3 - postal mail, send after each completion
3. CLASS PAPER - postal mail when completed
4. ACADEMIC ARTICLE - postal mail when completed
5. OWN MONOLINGUAL DICTIONARY - email as PDF in January 2019
6. ANY OTHER INFORMATION you may consider vital
1. Collect students' feedback, if available, offer your summary and recommendations.
2. Contribute your own favorite exercise, pattern drill or activity e.g. make Vocabulary
Crossword Puzzle based on completed 3-4 units. See example from
Welcome to America GRID and CLUES   Note, in WAAE all CLUES must be in English
A Supplementary Reader Reinforcing English Language Skills, Grzeskow, TWP, 1976
3. Teachers in countries other than USA, please create dual language dictionary
(side-by-side). Here is a sample page from English-ENGLISH-German
We will be glad to give you a credit in the next edition of WAAE.
4. Call for papers
-- Second Language Acquisition and Pedagogy
-- East Asian Learners of English
-- Language Teaching and Learning
-- Expanding the Language Teaching and Learning Knowledge Base
-- Approaches to Language
-- Writing Center Theory and Practice
-- East Asian (Chinese, Japanese, and Korean) languages and students
5. Make any other contribution or recommendation.
As a token of our appreciation, in January 2019, we will send you absolutely free AEQ challenge coin.
In addition, now in September or October 2017, take $125 discount on ordering your WAAE.
The first one hundred orders come with ID# verifying eligibility to receive individual assistance
via 5 email or postal contacts. Other students, seeking individual assistance, consider talking to
your English teacher, writing center or WAC staff.
Of course, ignore the above "invited to further develop WAAE"   &   "AEQ challenge coin"   &   "$125 discount"    info.
Instead, have a free access to WAAE when your library (school or public) has an annual subscription
to Academic Exchange Quarterly, AEQ.
Celebrating 20 years of publishing Academic Exchange Quarterly
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